The Region of Cappadocia was very peaceful also during the Ottoman Peiod. Nevsehir was a small village in the province of Nigde until the time of Damat Israhim Pasha. At the beginning of the 18th century, especially during the time of Damat Israhim Pasha, places like Nevsehir, Gülsehir, Ozkonak, Avanos and Ürgüp prospered and mosques, külliyes (a collection of buildings of an institution, usually composed of schools, a mosque, mental institutions, hospital, kitchen, etc.) and fonutains were built. The bridge in the centre of the town of Özkonak, which was built during Yavuz Sultan Selim's campaign to the east (1514), is important in terms of being an early Ottoman Period building in the province of Nevsehir.
The Christian people living in the aera were treated with tolerance in the Ottoman Period as in the Seljuk Period. The 18th century church of Constantine-Helena in Sanosos-Ürgüp, the 19th century church built in honor of Dimitrius in Gülsehir and the Orthodox Church in Derinkuyu are some of the best examples of this tolerance.